(Μελανοχίτωνας Θεσπιεύς, Dark-cloaked Thespian)
This warrior represents the 700 Thespians that volunteered to fight with the Spartans at Thermopylae and died to the last man. During the fifth century BC the symbol of the city of Thespiae was the half moon of the Melaini Aphrodite on a Boeotian shield (the worship of the power represented by Aphrodite and Eros was of great importance in the spiritual life of the Thespians). The whole armor was black the colour of the night and grief, symbolising his belief that he is marching to a battle with no return.
yeah it’s stuff like this that reminds me how inaccurate 300 (graphic novel and film) was to the historical battle. There was a great bit in the Cartoon history of the universe graphic novel where the author rants about the fact that each Spartan soldier had like 20 slaves, many of whom also fought in the battles. But that guy was a grump anyway.